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Building Information Modelling (BIM)

Building Information Modelling (BIM)


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What is BIM and what does it mean?

  • Building Information Modeling (BIM) is an intelligent 3D model-based process that gives architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) professionals the insight and tools to more efficiently plan, design, construct, and manage buildings and infrastructure. BIM is not a single tool but a way of working to aid collaboration and the sharing of information among everyone involved in the construction of a built asset.

How does BIM work?

BIM acts as a living document for the building. Each stakeholder in the development of a building uses BIM differently:

  • Architect: Visualise designs and make necessary changes
  • Developers: Understand costs and timing
  • Construction Managers: Estimate material and labour costs
  • Building Managers: Understand the structure of the building for maintenance, renovations and improvements

How is BIM changing the real estate and construction industry? 

  • Can be used to run potential scenarios
  • Can be helpful for renovations and improvements
  • Can determine ways to implement energy efficiency
  • Can provide smarter ways of managing the building
  • Can help making the necessary changes to keep the building up to date

Why is building information modeling important?

Both, the property and real estate industry can benefit from BIM at every stage:

  • Complete transparency into every aspect of the project
  • Updated costs and timelines as changes happen to the project at any point in time
  • Better quality end product aligned to client needs
  • Superior planning limiting delays
  • Reduces the need for costly rework and revision
  • Better project cost modelling/estimation 
  • Greater safety in construction projects
  • More informed decisions from the data/information contained in the BIM model
  • Maximise its operation and long-term performance through better decision-making

 BIM: Concerns and challenges

  • Adoption & incompatibility with partners: BIM is not yet universally used among construction professionals.
  • Cost of software & training: BIM software requires a substantial investment in new technology.
  • Data protection: BIM models contain rich data/information about the operation and performance of a building, which in the case of public buildings can include highly sensitive data.

Role of BIM in smart cities

  • The development of smart cities is complex as multiple teams are involved, such as construction, supervision, architectural, plumbing, and operations. Thanks to BIM, there is a standardised flow of information between all parties, enabling a more precise, cost-effective, and detailed project.
  • BIM provides smarter options and alternatives that are sometimes even improved over the man-made plans. This technology is essential to the modern development of smart cities as it allows room for study, research, and improvement before the project has even begun on the ground.
  • BIM’s aim is to build smart cities that are well integrated in terms of transportation, communication, development, infrastructure, technology, and services from both, a micro and macro city level. 
  • It also helps ecological and sustainable development by building structures and buildings that make use of the most intelligent resources available. 


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" We live in a fast-changing world where digital technology is establishing new paradigms of working and challenging perceptions of traditional communication, urbanism and architecture, now is not the time to retreat. Transformative technologies carry considerable value, conveying meaning through digital metaphor to the physical environment and embody cultural understandings by aiding in creating places for all to cherish. LWK + Partners believe that now is the time for bold leadership and active engagement. Projects’ digital transformation to enable true stakeholder and investor engagement and powerfully flexible data is an immediate imperative. "

- Kerem Cengiz, MENA Managing Director at architecture firm LWK + PARTNERS