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Operational residential investments: A global analysis

OperationalAsset
Investment into operational residential assets accounts for 27 percent of global real estate total

Operational residential investment (which comprises multifamily, student housing and senior living assets) accounted for 27% of global real estate investment in the first three quarters of 2020, up from just 16% a decade ago, according to Savills Global Living Report 2020.

The sector’s resilience and strong fundamentals hold true in today’s challenging macro environment, with demographic trends and affordability constraints continuing to drive demand for rental accommodation.

Paul Tostevin, Director, World Research, Savills, commented: “Even with wider global uncertainty as a result of Covid-19, the operational residential sector has held up better than some others this year. Investment activity has largely been driven by the consolidation of companies across sub-sectors including multifamily and student housing.

“Despite the near-term effects of the pandemic from a macro-economic point-of-view, the longer-term growth in capital volumes targeting operational residential assets speaks for itself. Investors are not only seeking to diversify their real estate portfolios, but are looking for those stable income-streams for which the sector has become so renowned.”

The report shows that cross border investment into the operational residential sector has also grown, now standing at $46bn (Q4 2019-Q3 2020) and accounting for 22% of total investment into residential. This is up from the 14% that cross-border deals accounted for just four years ago in 2016.

SUBSECTOR ANALYSIS

By far the largest of the global residential sub-sectors, 2019 was the most successful year to-date for multifamily assets with $223bn traded.

Student housing also proved its resilience despite the headwinds brought about by Covid-19 and, as a result, the effects of disrupted school and university terms. Similar to multifamily, consolidation has been a key driver in the student housing sector: in the UK, Unite Students REIT purchased Liberty Living from the Canadian Pension Plan Investment Board (CPPIB) for a reported $1.8bn.

2019 was also a record year for senior living investment globally, with investment volumes reaching $21.4bn. Despite figures so far this year remaining subdued to-date (69% below 2019 volumes), Western Europe’s share of total investment (excluding the UK) increased to 20% (Q1-Q3 2020) up from 15% for 2019.

Marcus Roberts, Head of European Investment and Development, Operational Capital Markets, Savills, added: “2020 has seen some truly impressive transactions in the operational residential sector, cementing it as one of the most favourable asset classes. With the long-term picture showing an uptick in global mobility, we expect significant opportunities to remain for investors wishing to diversify their real estate portfolios.

“While there is no shortage of capital targeting the sector, the challenge (and opportunity) in Europe, at least, is finding prime development sites, completed assets or conversion prospects in which to invest.”

WHAT NEXT?

With yield compression increasing as the maturity of the sector becomes more apparent, multifamily yields, in particular, are now stabilising in most markets following a significant inward yield shift trend over the past five years.

In terms of lending, while there has been an easing in the credit markets, overall, the lending market is in a much stronger place compared to the global financial crisis (GFC). Lessons learnt from the GFC, such as rapid intervention by central banks, have supported liquidity. While banks are now more cautious, non-bank lenders (which are now more prevalent) are willing to take on opportunities with greater risk. Ultimately, residential remains as a favourable asset class to lend against, thanks to the sector’s long-term fundamentals.

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